My Experiences in the Seventies


                                 European Odyssey 1971-1975

   In the spring of 1971 I lost my position at Sonoma State College and took off for Europe.  During the months before I left I had a brief affair with Cammie, a sexy young blonde woman then living with Emil White, a painter in Big Sur. (Emil had been a close friend of Henry Miller and through Emil I became interested in Henry and his adventures in Paris and Big Sur.) At that time (the early 1970s) I lived in Berkeley and went to Big Sur on weekends. We bought the tickets and planned to fly to Europe in early March in time to arrive before Easter.  However, a few days before we were due to fly, Cammie disappeared. I finally found her at the Nepenthe restaurant, where she had fled to get away from me, because she had gotten cold feet about travelling with me. She felt I was irresponsible and too moody. I was smoking dope daily and doing ACID often then.She had decided not to go with me. I begged her but she refused. So at the last minute I invited a young man who had been a student of mine, and later my research assistant at Sonoma State, John Marlowe, to come with me in her stead.  We flew to Amsterdam and took a train from there down the Rhine stopping along the way to take a Rhine cruise. Aboard the ship I forget to watch out for my camera bag and it was stolen. I blamed John, of course, being unwilling to take responsibility for unpleasant things that happened to me as a result of my own negligence. We stopped overnight in Heidelberg where I made love to a beautiful American girl we had met on the train. From Heidelberg we continued South to Stuttgart, where I picked up the tan Mercedes I had ordered before leaving San Francisco. In those days it was advantageous to purchase German cars tax free and then bring them back to the States as used cars.   We drove from Stuttgart to Zurich arriving just in time to witness Sechs Leuten, the annual city festival that takes place around Easter time each year. The costumes were marvelous and I enjoyed photographing the parade. We stayed in Erlangen on the Lake just beyond Zurich, and I enjoyed photographing the people coming out of church there with a device timer designed to capture slow processes like the blossoming of a rose. When we looked at the footage we just saw people whizzing by every few seconds. It was both very funny and a big disappointment. I had thought I would do a scientific experiment and be able to determine how many people came in and out of that church on a Sunday morning. John left me soon after this. He was running out of money, and I could not afford to support him in Europe. I felt great satisfaction about  being in Zurich because when I had visited it years before with my first wife, Laurie,  I had felt I would someday return and live there. I also hoped to study at the Jung Institute and now I was about to do that. The procedure for enrolling at the Institute was elaborate. One had to have letters of recommendation and register with the foreign police, all of which I did. The first term I was on probation as a registered auditor. After that first year on probation if one did well one might be admitted as a regular student. I attended lectures by David Miller on Greek Mythology and Marie Louise von Franz on Fairytales, but I did not attend many classes at the Jung Institute. I felt bored by them; so instead I read Jung on my own. After reading Jung’s Memories, Dreams and Reflections, I got the idea of writing an intellectual biography of Jung. At that time there were none in print. Actually, there were several already in the works, but I did not know that.  I was in analysis with Brian Kenny. He tried to help me to settle down, but I felt his approach to be too cold and unfriendly. I recall listening to a record at that time by Dahlia Levi singing the Carol King song “You’ve Got a Friend.” I cried when I listened to it feeling sorry for myself at night alone in my apartment. One day I saw a notice at the Jung Institute advertising a job opening for a part-time psychology teacher at Franklin College a two-year junior college in Lugano. I took my mother to  Lugano with me as she was visiting me when I was invited to interview. I loved Lugano and got the job. I was thrilled and immediately began planning out my courses. When I first got to Zurich, my living arrangements were miserable. I was crammed in a small room in a Swiss family’s apartment. Later I was fortunate to get a lovely apartment on the Tritligasse in the old town with a great view of the city and the lake. It was perfect for me. Unfortunately, I lost it later because of bringing a young woman home at night with me and because we made too much noise. I went to California in the summer to study consciousness and transpersonal psychology at Stanford and returned to Zurich in the fall.    This item needs to be expanded and developed. The first thing I did after I got back to Europe was to drive to the Ticino to look for a place to live near Lugano. I had agreed to teach psychology  at Franklin College. In Lugano I found a lovely country house which I rented.I held encounter group sessions there.This was a great fiasco. I frightened the students and made the mistake of telling the head of the school one day (when I was stoned) that I really was not a psychologist at all but a historian!            The one good result of my stay at Franklin was that I met Kathy Charous there. She was to be my woman for the next ten years.  Kathy was seventeen  when we met, but very mature sexually. She had already seduced most of the other instructors at the school before I got there. She participated courageously in the encounter group and other activities I did with the students and at the end of the day I found her seated in the front seat of my Mercedes ready for any post-workshop activities I could devise.  I invited her to go to a restaurant and have dinner with me. One thing led to another and we spent the night together. After that we were a couple, though we tried to keep it  secret from the school authorities.  On weekends she came with me to Zurich, taking the train back on Sunday nights to be present for her Monday morning classes. Eventually word got around and the dean called me on the carpet and told me I must resign from the college at once. My response was delight. I took Kathy with me to Munich and introduced her to my old haunts in Schwabing. We visited my brother,  Pierre Mendell, the graphic artist, and had dinner at the Luitpold Café, where I was delighted to find that the waiter recognized me although it had been many years since I had been there.  I felt that Munich was much more friendly than Zurich or anywhere in Switzerland for that matter,  and that my life might have been different if I had settled in Munich rather than in Zurich in the first place. Speaking of Zurich I wrote home that I was glad to be  getting out of there. “I’m glad to shake the snow of Switzerland from my feet.”(23 Feb,1973)  In March I flew to Tunesia where I stayed at Djerba la Douce, a Club Med.facility. I felt good, as I did at Stanford, being in a community with many scheduled activities. I had no time to feel lonely, even though I was there alone. After I got fired from Franklin I decided to go south to Florence, Italy  to study Psychosynthesis with Roberto Assagioli. However, my back was giving me problems,  so I drove to London with Kathy to seek the care of Dr. Fox and  Dr. Simmons. It turned out that Foxy was a lecherous old bastard who had his eyes on the pretty—not so innocent—exciting young flesh of Kathy. While I lay in agony with needles injected into my spine, he was busy chatting her up in the next room, and trying to seduce her. Simmons had a nice nurse named Allison. I would hold her hand and look up into her motherly eyes while Simmons injected my spine with some pain killing drug that took my pain away for a short time. This went on for several months and I believed I was getting better.  Meanwhile I got into Jungian  analysis, London style.  To get started I went to see Michael Fordham, the leader at that time, of the London Jungian school, to solicit his help, hoping that he might be my analyst. He declined because he was too busy, and already had a full patient load,  but he referred me to Dr.  Richenda Martin, a JUNGIAN psychiatrist who became my analyst for the next several years.  Richenda was a kind woman in her sixties. She was an MD and practiced Jungian analysis in the London way of having the patient lie on the couch or the floor, while he free associated about his dreams and his issues. Her inquiries and interventions focussed on my early childhood, and I found her to be a healing force in my life. On April 2nd I wrote home that I had decided to stay in London rather than move to Florence for several reasons:

  1. to get my back fixed, and 
  2. to write my book on Jung.                                                   
  3. “I really don’t think I could find a better place than London to research and write my book. The libraries here are terrific.” 
  4. to continue my analysis, and 
  5. because I had been very lonely in Zurich, and I thought I could make friends more easily in London where people speak English. 

Looking back on my experience of therapy in the past year I reflected in a letter home: “I discovered that in many ways emotionally I am a helpless child and that I must not seek a demanding job or put myself  in situations where I may be overextended in the next few years.  I felt  torn apart between the advice of my analyst, which I thought was sound—and the tone of the letter from my trust officer, (probably inspired by Tony) who assumed that I was perfectly well and healthy. I realized that I was violating the conventional banker’s [and businessman’s] view of what a man should do by admitting that I was, in fact, incapable of holding down a regular job, etc—but you destroy a person if you pull him in too many different directions at the same time. “You wanted me to make this analysis to get my life straightened out,” I wrote to my parents, “Well we can’t stop in midstream now. I want to complete my analysis and I hope that you are willing to support me in continuing here—-and later in California—-what I have started and dedicated myself to this last year.” In the end my mother offered to pay my doctor bills and to pay for my analysis. The trust threatened to cut off my payments in June, but eventually agreed to continue to support me for another year. Meanwhile I was fortunate to be invited to be a “Visiting Scholar” at the London School of Economics—an honorary position with no stipend– and was given a very nice office on Goodge Street near Euston Station.  My predecessor in that office was Joseph Gusfield from UCSD. I settled into that office determined to write my book on C.G. Jung. In the spring I had gone to the British Sociological Association conference and met Peter Hopkins an editor from  Routledge and Kegan Paul. He was impressed with my Scheler book and invited me to submit a proposal for an intellectual biography of Jung. I wrote it up in the form of a letter to my mother, with much excitement.  “Here is how the book starts. In the first chapter we see old man Jung in his study surrounded by old manuscripts. The serpent bites his own tail. The end is in the beginning. We begin and end with the old man Jung immersed in his alchemical manuscripts. Along the way we encounter Paracelsus, Swedenborg, and the whole esoteric tradition of which Jung was a part and a continuation.” (Today we can see this same tradition for Roberto Assagioli, James Hillman, and so many other writers and thinkers.)” On the basis of that proposal letter, I received a contract from Routledge, and soon after that one from Basic Books in New York. In London I began by staying with my friend Maria Constintanides at 6 Blithefield Street in South Kensington. From there I moved to the Sun Court Hotel where I had two accidents from letting the bath  run-over causing much damage to the floor and to the rooms below. They let it go by the first time, but when I did it again and again, and laughed when they confronted me with my irresponsible behavior, I had to pay for the repairs. From there I got a small flat in St. Johns Wood which I loved and then eventually I moved to a flat in West Hampstead.  That summer (1973) I  took off for the continent in search of Jung and fun. Kathy and I went by train from London to Paris and then to Lugano. From there I wrote “I’m here in Lugano again—feeling very much at home—staying in a beautiful villa overlooking Lago di Lugano and enjoying Castalia (the Jung –Hesse conference). Among the guests I have particularly enjoyed meeting here are Rabbi Herbert Wiener, whose book 9 and a Half Mystics you must read. He gave a beautiful Sabbath service on Saturday. On Sunday everyone went to mass at the little country church here in Montagnola and I visited Hesse’s grave in the church yard afterwards.  Harvey Cox, Prof of Comparative Religions from Harvard is also here. He’s giving a series of lectures on the Bahavagad Gita. I met him some years ago when he lectured at Duke in 1965. He has acquired a beard and hippie clothes since, but is still as brilliant as ever.  Then June Singer, the Chicago Jungian who I met before in Palo Alto. She just published two new books The Unholy Bible on Blake and Boundaries of the Soul  on Jung. She will be lecturing this morning. There is one core-key lecture each day. Gene Nameche, the director and a real soul brother to me, gave a talk on Hesse and his grandfather—very moving—last night outside by candlelight. I am scheduled to give the key lecture on Jung on Thursday morning.” After Castalia we travelled on to Munich and Vienna and from thence to Graz (Grüss aus Graz!) and then settled in the Salzkammergut at Strobel am Wolfgangsee, not far from Salzburg. We also went south to Venice and from Venice on to Yugoslavia, where we visited  Lubliana and Pirano.  In mid August I attended the Eranos Conference in Ascona. I wrote home: “Here I am back on my own ground in Europe. I feel very much at home here in Ascona.”I had no idea  that I would eventually be living here! I found the Eranos lectures interesting.  I particularly enjoyed Gilbert Durant, Prof.of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Grenoble who had just published a book on The Structural Anthropology of the Imagination. He was a disciple of the great Gaston Bachelard. “We recognized that we were kindred spirits at once and I look forward to maintaining contact with him.”  Another interesting man was Prof Ernst Benz a Protestant theologian from Marburg. “How tortured and obscure the German language can be in  contrast to French clarté-bien  raisonné.  Then today—best of all—a Zen Roshi spoke on “The Interior and the Exterior of Zen” with simplicity, sincerity and profundity that (in my mind at least) put the all of the scholars to shame. All in all it was a worthwhile experience .“I tried to get more information from Frau Jaffe (from Zurich) Jung’s former secretary and editor of the Jung Letters but she’s determined not to reveal anything other than what she brings out in print. I think she’s jealous and possessive thinking that she alone has the right to work on Jung. But I had a good talk with James Hillman—also from the Jung Institute—whose “Archetypal Psychology I admire. He encouraged me to continue writing my book,  and said he thinks it will be very good for the Jungian community to have  a sympathetic outsider’s  perspective on Jung. He’s pretty fed up with the Zurich cult of Jung himself.” Kathy and I returned to London in the fall, and settled in a flat at Lambolle Road in the Belsize area  above Swiss Cottage. We both loved it there. It was so centrally located. We decided to stay in London for Christmas in 1973. We had spent a lot of money on our travels in the summer and felt the need to conserve our resources. My mother sent me a generous Christmas gift plus the $500 which she sent each month. I bought a nice hi fi music system with it.  Meanwhile I submitted a budget to the trust asking them to increase my income from twelve hundred to fifteen hundred a month and begged my mother not to interfere in this. The trust turned me down. I enrolled in a training program with the British Association of Psychotherapists so as to become a certified Jungian analyst. To complete the program would take two or three years. As part of my training I continued my analysis with Richenda Martin. I was scheduled to have my first patient (under supervision) in the fall. The tuition was $500 per year plus the cost of my analysis.  I wrote Tony  some of the reasons why I wanted to become an analyst. “One of the most important reasons  is that as an analyst I can be financially independent and can live where I want (eventually San Francisco). I am also finding that thinking of myself becoming a therapist has given me a new perspective in  reading Jung for my book. It makes me less of an outsider and will give me greater confidence as a person and a scholar.”  I love literature, and began reading my favourite authors from a Jungian perspective. I wrote an essay on Nietzsche, Jung and Hesse which I called “The Daimon of Creativity.”  I was hired to teach “Comparative Sociology” at Brunell University in London and was invited to lecture on Jung to the History of Ideas Seminar at Oxford after Christmas. I also lectured on Fritz Perls at the  famous London Tavistock Clinic relating him to Humanistic and Existential Psychology. Through my work on Scheler and Jung, Mann and Hesse I began to feel that the generation born in 1875 was “my generation,” my specialty. But “in my conversation with my intellectual history colleagues at Oxford I felt quite keenly how far away my own orientation has grown frI am a romantic idealist and Believe in the importance of the imagination. I find that one of the deepest differences between me and them is my religious belief system and my commitment to my own personal vision as expressed artistically —symbolically— rather than in purely rational terms. It has been hard for me to accept the consequences of this, my own inner truth.  “As long as I was seeking to fit-into external standards I could not hear and follow my own inner truth. Having begun to do this now I feel the next step is for me to work out a way of holding on to this and yet being able to live in the world, to be in the world but not of it .” I wrote my mother. In May I went to Amsterdam for a Dutch Philosophical Congress, for the session on Max Scheler and to lead a Gestalt Group. I also had the pleasure of seeing my old friend and former colleague Alvin Goldner from the Sociology Department at Washington University in St. Louis.  I found the Dutch more spontaneous than the English and wrote home that  “for me right now doing therapy with people who want their lives to be more fulfilling is much more satisfying than either philosophy or sociology discussions.”  I was getting established in the international growth center circle doing workshops at places like “Esalen in Europe.” I was scheduled to do a workshop in German at ZIST  in Munich in September. “Sometimes I feel impatient,” I wrote, “in that I’m already being a successful as a Gestalt therapist when I am only an apprentice Jungian analyst.”  My writing was progressing slowly, but I found it hard to get back into it after my travels. In October I began a series of six lectures I gave on the topic “Consciousness in Self and Society” in which I presented my ideas of humanistic sociology to an audience of people interested in humanistic psychology at Quaesitor, a successful new growth center in London.  At the same time I began teaching a course  on “Sociology for the Pastoral Ministry” at the Richmond Fellowship. In early October we moved from Lambolle Rd. in Swiss Cottage up into the center of Hampstead to Redington Road. We were feeling stressed financially. I wrote home: “We are on an absolute minimum expenditure budget now as we are still paying for the fantastic travels of the summer—Norway, Austria, Italy, Switzerland, Toronto, Montreal and California! It was expensive, but it was worth it. We both got so much out of it!  And now that winter is settling in upon us again we are taking time to digest and  integrate all of our experiences and recent acquisitions. “Fortunately I took many photographs and films so we can re-live and enjoy our wonderful travels again and again and share them with others less fortunate than we.” ‘Thank you again for your hospitality to me and especially to Kathy. You took such good care of her while I was “about my Father’s business” in Canada (I had attended the world congress of sociology in Toronto.) The experience of California had really changed Kathy—as she is the first to admit. There she met ‘real people’—warm and friendly and imaginative—that she had seldom encountered before, either in the East or in Europe.” Our new abode on Redington Road was a delight. “It has great possibilities as an artists studio being unusually large with huge high windows  to let in the natural light. Kathy and I have decided to decorate it very very simply making the most of the feeling of vast spaciousness in the living room.  In a Zen way I like the idea of keeping everything simple—the walls almost empty—to make room for peopling and decorating them with images from my own inner life—from my psyche as Jung would say.It’s amazing how much most of us externalize our experience ignoring the riches of the inner man within.” “I am presently selling everything I don’t need—especially books—which I had accumulated in the last few years when I felt so insecure and had projected myself into things that I then bought as if to be building up a “collection of bits of myself.” (I recognize the voice of my analyst in these words).  Zen, Christ and Richenda have helped me to recollect that we do not need to lay up riches here on earth where dust corrodes them, but rather to rest in the Sacred Heart and Mind of Our Lord, building the Kingdom of God within our own souls.” One really needs so little to live beautifully! And I have accumulated so much excess and unnecessary baggage along the way on my Quest! So now this autumn as we celebrate the Harvest time, I am consolidating essentials and selling or giving away everything to the needy that  I do not really need. I feel it is sinful and selfish and psychologically unhealthy to horde things (books) as I have done. It is time to embrace Our Lady Poverty, as St.Francis did. Speaking of hoarding, I am watching the squirrels outside my window gathering nuts and food to pack away for the winter. They know just what they need. They don’t take too much—just enough. Would that man (I) was so wise instinctively.!” “I am so delighted with my study here; I want to describe it to you. I call it ‘the tree house’. You’ll understand why in a moment. The living room is very large, as I told you, with very high ceilings and windows to let in the natural light. Well high up near that light trap is my study in the minstrel gallery. I’ve even put a picture of a medieval minstrel on the balcony railing to reinforce the idea. (Unfortunately real live minstrels are hard to find these days!)  Anyway, there is a tiny stairway at the far corner of the living room . I crawl up this stairway to my loft, minstrel gallery, firebox, study therapy room (I have a couch here for my patients) and now that I have got a pot of ivy growing up the pole by the staircase ascending  to the gallery and a nice window box of geraniums hanging out in front as in Austria—I call my nook up here ‘the tree house.’” “To me trees firmly rooted in the ground with their branches reaching up to the stars and heavens are an image of man—rooted in his own inner depths and in the Love of God and reaching out to share God’s love and Grace with his fellow creatures like St Francis whose feast day we recently celebrated. (Oct 4th)” Now that I have started my own garden inside I appreciate more your love of gardening of growing and planting, Mother, which you do so well. I feel filled with love and appreciation of you today, Mother. I wish I could give you a big hug and kiss right now. So take this expression of my filial love and admiration for you (a fellow artist and seeker) from afar from your son. PS Your Butterfly card with the lovely quotations from Blake and St Paul just arrived. Thank you! I look forward to reading your promised letter containing ‘food for thought and action’.  My first reaction to your words was one of fear and dread—as I foolishly felt that old fear that you were about to withdraw the $500/mo we count on. But I know you won’t go back on your promise and your stated wish to share some of your wealth with me now before it is taken away in taxes later.  You know how I suffered from the push/pull, giving with one hand and taking away with the other that you and Tony did to me with the Big Sur land. PLEASE don’t let me down again now that I’ve begun to TRUST YOU and get over my pain and mistrust. Pax Christi!”  We loved the place on Redington Road in Hampstead, but in November, 1974 we were kicked out of that flat after three months because I got too much candle smoke on the ceiling.          

We had one more flat in Hampstead before we left England, at 32 Ferncroft Ave. We were there for six months. As usual, I was worried about money. In December 1974 I wrote home that I had not heard from the trust but “appreciate your reassurance that everything will work out so I can continue my training analysis here and  have time to continue writing my book…I want very much to bring it to completion within the next year I would appreciate if you would abstain from commenting on it in your letters, Madole.  “I am doing the best I can. Prodding is not necessary and only produces a contrary spirit in me. I hope you are enjoying yourself and your own creative work.” After Christmas I wrote “Thank you for your generous Christmas present.The money was very welcome indeed.” I was feeling lonely and wrote: “These days we both prefer staying alone together…rather than making further futile efforts to establish contacts here. Am making the best of it knowing that next summer we will be able to return to California for good.”   What about my three year training program? I decided to abandon it. I was just too lonely in London, as I had been in Zurich.  On Dec.28th 1975 I wrote my mother: I love you and hope we will be able to get along better after I return to California next summer. I hope you understand that the resentment you sensed last summer comes from my own inner struggle to free myself from my hold on the mother imago within. It spills over into my attitude towards you against my will. I know that you do love me and want to be my friend and I am working on my own inner self in order to become more capable of carrying on an adult relationship with you henceforth. “I appreciate your agreeing to continue depositing $500 per month into my bank account through July. I feel it is a terrible burden that generates resentment in me when you give me the financial support I need with strings attached. It is infantilizing and very destructive for me.  That is why I have asked you to give me the money freely, simply because I need it to live here now, because you want me to have it—not to prove to you or to anyone that I can do anything or that I have been ‘a good and faithful servant’ as in the Parable of the Talents (which she loved to quote to me).  Of course, I am writing my book and I intend to complete it, but the situation where I am constantly on trial and being called to account for myself must stop now. I feel confident that you understand. I don’t want you to ‘believe in’ me—because then I would have to try to live up to that belief and that produces more resentment and destructive results—no, I simply want you to love me and accept me as I am.  As I se it this is the only way for us to be friends with each other. A friend is someone you can be yourself with, because a friend accepts you as you are rather than imposing on you the demand that you be what they think you ought to be. I am not an extension of you, but an autonomous being with my own inner direction just as you are.” At the end of the year 1975, I wrote a friend, Henry Ramsey, summarizing my progress on the book. I had written seven chapters. The one I was working on at that time I called “World War Within” since the chapter dealt with Jung’s inner struggles during the First World War. In the chapter I sought to recount Jung’s inner journey and to show how it formed the basis for his later work. As an historian I sought to place Jung’s inner quest in the context of other related literary, cultural and artistic developments such as Expressionism and phenomenology. I also sought to analyze the sources of Jung’s creativity and the relations between illness, social catastrophe and artistic creativity through a comparison of Jung and Mann and Hesse during this period. “The problem of the psychological sources of creativity interests me very much right now. I have found a great release  of my writing block through changing my  pattern of work and allowing myself to roam freely from chapter to chapter in my manuscript, depending on what interests me, as opposed to forcing myself to stick to one chapter until it is finished.  By doing this I have changed my inner coding of my activity from ‘work’ to ‘what I want to do.’ Furthermore, by going into my own depression and deadness repeatedly, as both my rod and my roomiv I have begun to discover my own creativity that was hiding behind this deadness. I found the key that opened the door in painting and drawing which I am doing a lot of thee days. I have even drawn pictures of the contents of books I wanted to fall back on to show myself that I really have it inside me now and don’t need to waste my time with endless research I’m moving along at full steam and hope to have a good first draft of the whole book completed by August.” I was painting a lot in those days, so i put up some of my pictures on the walls, particularly the ones with Native American themes. I came to believe that painting and music were modes of expression I could use to let my inferior functions come through. I was blocked when using my intellect alone and having gone as far as I could with that function for the present turned around and dropped down to a more primitive sensuous level and was able to bring into play my sensation and feeling functions. Above all I made progress in my writing when I let my Red Man (Indian) write for me. He is the intuitive one, brother of Raphael What I like best about painting is that I don’t know what is coming next; it just comes along all by itself.  I am sure that Kathy’s accepting attitude helped me recover from the rejections that I had experienced throughout my lfeuntil then.. Before I always felt inhibited by the internalized critic-mother, the professional artist. It is important to me now that I can protect my drawings from her corrections and improvements.  I will never forget the drawing of Pooh I once made that my mother painted over giving it a better shape and then stuck up as my work. I am at a point now where I can create my own shape structure and form and do not want anyone to ‘improve’ me. I still find the mandala structure of a closed circle inhibiting, and prefer to paint from a central point outward develop freely without having to work within the limits of a closed circle. However I feel OK about the limits of a square or rectangular sheet of paper. I like the feeling of having the full space of the page. I was getting to know some of the images in my unconscious through my drawings, dreams and fantasies I hoped that in coming to terms with these I could free myself and my mother from the projections I put onto her that distorted our relationship.  Writing to my analyst I described the following fantasy: I closed my eyes and saw an owl appear before me. It was grey-blue with large black eyes. I remembered what Jung said about not letting an image get away until you have gotten its message; so I kept the owl before me and watched. Pretty soon I saw my mother step out from behind the owl figure, which I now saw as a large idol, with an altar at its feet. My mother bent down nearby and started digging and planting little plants, My two sons appeared and helped her. I had the sense that they were carrying on their normal activities in Big Sur. Meanwhile I remained in contact with the owl idol and saw myself bowing down before it and asking humbly as if speaking in fear and trembling before a god ‘What can I do to please you? How can I satisfy you?’ the owl god answered: ‘Nothing you do will ever be good enough. You can never please me. This is what you live for, to love, honor and obey me. I have spoken.’  As I mused over this fantasy I had a clear sense of how I still keep myself locked into this punitive system, and how it is I who  hold on to my image of my mother inside me now whereas she has let go and is carrying on her own adult life. I am held in servitude to this demanding inner deity. I hate him/her/it, and yet I fear it and do not break free. The resentment engendered by this delusional system spills over into my relationship with my real mother when I am in contact with her, though I don’t with to hurt her and actually love her and would like to be more loving when I am around her. On January 30, 1975  I wrote my mother telling her how much I love her and reporting that I had fallen in love with a new “lady”—painting and drawing. “You introduced me to her in my childhood and in our home. Today looking around my empty flat I saw the walls covered with my pictures! Can you imagine? Not other people’s pictures, as I’ve had for so long, but my own! I take it for granted that I’m no good yet but I feel encouraged that this great French painter, Jean Dennis Maillert, that I met at Maria’s has taken an interest in my painting and even Maria said “You have very good ideas, powerful images, John.” And that’s it. I have the imagination and I have vision. I love to write to photograph to draw and to paint whether in words or music or visual images.  My “Portrait of Jung” is coming along marvellously well since I  gave up trying to do a book to satisfy the critics and sociologists and decided instead simply to sing my song no matter what. I write well and I enjoy writing. I know this is my main medium, but I enjoy painting too. I use it as an exercise in contacting and meeting my “lady” creativity la belle dame sans merci.” Cathy has gone to New York to visit her family and I miss her, but I am getting along well thanks to dear Maria and Richenda and my own internal family and friends such as Plato, Blake, Dante and Jung. I am in good company here in my study…and I have been enjoying getting to know Jean Dennis Maillert. Today I took the plunge and decided to have Jean Dennis do a portrait of me. He is truly a great artist, a famous portraitist in France, here in England in bad shape financially because of family problems. His God was once Degas, then Cocteau and more recently Max Ernst now that Picasso is dead. So he is going to do my portrait. Only a charcoal sketch because that alone costs more than  I can really afford, 250 pounds! As I look at it having your portrait done is like having your horoscope made The value of the ‘chart’ depends upon the artist.” If the sketch is really outstanding I might later want him to do it in oil, but that costs 1000 pounds so it is out of the question for me now. Even so, his works are going to be shown at the National Gallery in May, and maybe his portrait of John-Raphael may be hung there too. It doesn’t really matter to  me, but it would be fun if it happened. When the work was finished, I was disappointed. “What I learned is that it it is more satisfying and salutary for me to continue to work on my own self-portraits (trees, animals, the Big Sur coastline, whatever I draw) than to have a ‘professional’ do a portrait of me. I put up the portrait yesterday in the living room and studied it. One can study if for a long time. It says a lot, perhaps too much. Unfortunately I don’t think he quite got ‘me’ but then I really would not want him to have “me” anyway. I belong to my Self  now and I will no longer serve any other master.  Nietzsche put it all so well in the end of Book One of Zarathustra when he wrote: ‘Now I bid you lose me and find yourselves; only when you have all denied me will I return to you. One repays a teacher badly if one always remains nothing but a pupil’  “Yes I learned a lot from Jean-Dennis. But I found that he and his work were  too ‘overpowering’ for me .Therefore the following morning I am putting his portrait of Raphael in the closet to make from for my own creative work.” “Today I told Richenda that seeing my drawings on the wall made me feel that at last I could honestly think of myself as an ‘artist’, too. She encouraged me to channel this excitement I felt  about painting back into my writing.   I agreed and wrote my mother that”I am doing it all as best I can right now, but I must confess that painting has got me tight in its grip now, and I can well imagine that for a while—at least for the immediate future—painting and drawing will be more exciting for me than writing. But that is a matter that will work itself out in God’s good time!” It was a cold rainy London winter that new year, and on Feb 27th 1976                     I wrote my mother gratefully that “spring has come at last—and I hope this    time  to stay. On Hampstead Heath where I roam daily—trees having replaced bookstores as my favorite haunts—nature is resplendent with bright yellows and oranges, blue, magenta, purple and red flowers blossoming everywhere adding a dash of color in fields of green grass all around us. It is most beautiful, and a most welcome change from the heavy deadening atmosphere of the university tombs where  I spent so many years!” “Today I went to hear a lecture on intellectual history by a brilliant young man, Martin Jay, who now holds the position Prof. Schorske had when I was a history grad student at Berkeley. Martin Jay  is now Schorske’s successor, a position I once hoped would be mine! He is my age and we are on friendly terms, though I only met him recently. Yet I was dreadfully bored by his highly technical analytical left brain lecture  and slipped out as soon as I could so I could  go back to my beloved trees and squirrels Hampstead Heath. I would much rather study the  shapes and forms, structures and colours of trees and plants—and  to watch the gentle graceful movement of the birds, squirrels and deer and to converse like a St. Francis  with my friends in the  animal kingdom than to discuss the abstract ideas  most intellectuals seem to thrive on. I now marvel that I ever could have been so narrow-minded and so blind to God’s glorious world all around me!  Looked at functionally most intellectuals’ conversations and debates hardly differ from the pettiness and meanness of pub gossip or locker-room chatter. It is usually just another ego trip, an effort to show off and get attention!  “Yes Mother, you’re so right1 I have changed a great deal during the past year. It was only a few days ago that I became aware how much this change in me is now becoming consolidated. There will be no more turning back now. I have finally ‘found myself’. Not for a minute do I doubt that there will be many changes in my life ahead, and I look forward to continual growth and change. To remain too much the same is to grow old….We must learn that through our creative imagination we can enter into everything like artists transforming ourselves, and renewing ourselves continually.“ “My study of Jungian depth psychology has helped me discover my own center, or Self.  And I have begun to draw on this Self as a guide, as Jung suggested that we do, as Jesus Christ did, in fact….All this brings me face to face with a practical dilemma. I see now that I am a person of strongly artistic temperament and inclinations, not a terribly practical person, but a very imaginative and creative person.  Unfortunately, in our society as it is now constituted a person like myself is bound to have a difficult time in many ways, particularly in supporting himself.  Up to now, I have supported myself through teaching, but this year I feel rather like the painter who, to support himself gives painting lessons, but his heart is not in it. He wants to be painting his own pictures, from inside his own soul, not instructing young people who have quite different interests, experiences and objectives. So I have pretty much decided not to look for another teaching job for next fall, but simply to return to my home at Anderson Canyon in Big Sur and to live there very modestly and attempt to get by on my small income that I get automatically from the trust.  Madole, I do not want to be dependent on you for financial support any more after my return. I appreciate your help; but I want to be financially independent as soon as possible, certainly before the end of next year.  So there is the dilemma. I don’t want to take on another teaching job, but I must find some way to support myself, at least until, hopefully, I can live off the royalties from my creative work.” Meanwhile, at the request and urging of my buddy Prof. Randall Rollins,  I wrote and submitted a very scholarly article to a scientific sociology journal, Theory and Society. The article was entitled “From Depth Psychology to Depth  Sociology: Freud, Jung and Levi-Strauss.” In this article I compared and contrasted Jung and Levi-Strauss’s approaches to the interpretation of myths and symbols of the Collective Unconscious. I find it interesting—looking back on it all now— on the one hand, how I could have been feeling so anti-intellectual, and yet, at the same time, could have written the most intellectual paper I ever wrote! I got an enthusiastic letter of acceptance from the editor of Theory and Society who wrote: “Your recent work radiates energy and real imagination. What I found fault with in your Scheler book…was that it did not go beyond history. I sense that your forthcoming  Jung book will be more than Ernest Jones on Freud and more than Mitzman on Durkheim or Weber; that it will be more intellectually and personally a statement to the current world…” I spent the year in seclusion preferring to commune with my own muse and with my own internal figures than to engage in small talk with the people I was acquainted with in London. At that time I was struck to discover that both Freud and Jung went thorough a similar period of withdrawal, if not several such periods, during their lives, and that these periods were either their most creative ones or led to a creative overflowing afterwards. I felt that this was what was happening to me.  I was pleased with the understanding I had acquired of  Jung’s character and his relationships with Freud and with Hermann Hesse. Nevertheless, I felt that I could never know C.G. Jung the way people knew him who were close to him.  I felt torn between my conscience as an historian, bound by sticking to the facts, the evidence, however meagre, and the writer or creative artist in me who can imagine and create a ‘higher or ‘poetic’ truth that may be more accurate than could be any reconstruction based solely on documentary evidence.  Furthermore I had my own ideas, beliefs and values which I wanted to communicate in my writings. “Where do these come in legitimately in my Jung book?” I asked myself. “It is going to be a very personal book. I hope it will be read by people from many walks of life, not just academics. But I will be satisfied if it is as highly regarded as Jones’ Freud or be considered as solid as my Max Scheler.  “In many ways I am finding Jung more difficult to deal with than Scheler. It is not so much that he is a more complex thinker as that I have changed in the intervening decade, as I am now aware of. Now, there are so many more dimensions of human experience to pay attention to and to account for in my biographical research than used to be evident to me.”  “At the moment I am having a fabulous time pouring through the classical Greek myths and fables and nineteenth century fairy tales, and even the works of  great writers like Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, and Hugo, Daudet, Maupassant and Robert Louis Stevenson,  as examples of archetypal symbolism… I am also getting a great deal from rereading Nietzsche’s writings, particularly his Genealogy of Morals and his Zarathustra now that I  have learned how to interpret visionary material.” In the spring of 1975, with help from Kathleen Charous  and other London friends,  I organized my first international transdisciplinary conference. The theme was: “Consciousness in Self and Society.” I invited twenty scholars I knew from London, Paris, rich, Berkeley, and Berlin to attend the conference, which was held at Cumberland Lodge in Windsor Great Park near Windsor Castle.   In the Call for Papers I posed the following topics for discussion: ‘What is the nature of human consciousness? And what are some of the implications of recent discoveries about consciousness for our personal and inter-personal and transpersonal experience?’ ‘Most conferences have the aim of a meeting of peers of similar professions, attitudes and specializations. We do not have this aim. We propose a dialogue which will be cross-disciplinary, cross-cultural and which will confront directly the individual/social and mind/body dichotomies. Dialogue will address itself to the grounds of common human concern in several areas:1.the nature of consciousness2.Work, leisure and creativity3.Family, Sex Roles, Basic Human needs4. Transpersonal, Spiritual dimensions of consciousness ‘Our intention is to stimulate dialogue with the maximum of participation by conferees. Each day there will be several Lectures presented by specialists to provoke discussion around the theme of the day. In the afternoon we will split into small discussion groups to pursue themes of interest This mini-society experience will be an experiment to foster integration of the substance of each day’s activities. In the evening we will reassemble as a united body to draw things together for the entire community. We hope to use the conference as a source of ideas about human relationships as well as to explore the outer regions of contemporary knowledge about consciousness in self and society.’  The program included the following lectures: John Staude (Brunell University) “The Nature of Human Consciousness,” Zygmunt Bauman. (University of Leeds)  “Emancipatory Consciousness and Society Consciousness, Richard Grathoff, (University of Constance in Germany) “Biographical Frames and Social Consciousness, Herminio Martines (Oxford University) “Consciousness of Time and Change in Social Theory” Paul Walton “Consciousness and the Production of Consciousness in the Mass Media” (University of Glasgow), Hans-Peter Dreitzel (Free University of Berlin) “In Search of Authenticity,” Lillemor Johnsen, “Personal Growth, the Body and the Unconscious” (Oslo, Norway), John O’Neil, (York University, Toronto) “The Self and Embodiment in Montaigne,” Zev Barbu (University of Sussex) “Consciousness and Imagination: On the Limits of Self-Transcendence,” Fred Blum (London. Society of Analytical Psychology) “The Development of a New Consciousness”, John Crook (University of Sussex) “Personal Change and Enlightenment: East and West,”  Christian Delacampagne (Paris) “The Transpersonal Basis for Society” and Geoffrey Whitfield, (University of Sussex) “Personal Transcendence in Zen, Christianity, and Gestalt Therapy”. The conference was a great success. It was attended by about fifty invited guests. Cumberland Lodge, in Windsor Great Park, is a Royal Hunting Lodge and very handsomely appointed. The food was not very good, but then England is not known for haute cuisine, and otherwise everything went well and everyone was delighted and thankful to me for arranging the conference.  I planned to publish the papers and submitted them to Routledge but they declined to publish them, so I started my own academic journal Consciousness and Culture and published some of the papers there. After the conference was over, Cathy and I  rested up at The Compleat Angler Inn in Marlow on the Thames and then  we packed up our things, put them in storage, and flew to California in time to attend my mother’s 40 year retrospective art show at the Janus Gallery in Los Angeles. I have had very good times in London over the years. I loved walking around Hampstead, a writer’s paradise, in the footsteps of D.H. Lawrence and Katharine Mansfield.  Plaques on the walls everywhere remind one of the famous people who preceded us there.. I used to eat at a delightful Italian restaurant in Hampstead and also at San Carlo in Highgate, and to go weekly to analysis with Richenda at her flat in Chelsea near the  King’s Road. But in a letter written from Marlow on April 21st I wrote: “Cathy and I  are delighted to be leaving England at last. We may come back for a visit some day, but I hope not to ever live here again. I still can’t believe that we really are going to get away for good tomorrow. I’ll only believe it when we are on the plane bound for New York.” (I had no idea when I wrote that sentence that fifteen years later I would  return to England and work there teaching for six more years in the nineties!)

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